How to timely diagnose flat feet in a child?
Congenital flat feet in children can be mild, moderate and severe. Diagnosis of flat feet is best to do in early childhood, but starting from 3-5 years old, when the child begins to walk steadily, and the fat layer of the longitudinal arch disappears. Newborns have a flat foot and it is considered normal. Arches begin to form at 8 months, when the child stands up and tries to walk. The formation of the arches ends at the age of 5-6.

One of the causes of flat feet in children can be a deviation of the posture, which tends to worsen: the support function of the foot may decrease, the position of the pelvis may change, the gait may change from a dynamic form to a static one.

Children with flat feet cannot stand and walk for long periods of time, get tired quickly, complain of leg and back pain, excessive sweating of feet, many children have poor academic performance, vision impairment, memory impairment and headaches.
All of these can be the result of impaired foot-spring function.

Slanted wear of shoe soles can also be a sign of flat feet in a child.

Now there are many ways to diagnose flat feet in children, so if one of the above symptoms is observed, it is recommended to be examined in a specialized clinic, to see a pediatric orthopedist.
The main reasons for the development of flat feet are
  • starting to walk at an early age
  • weakness of the leg muscles
  • excess weight
  • uncomfortable shoes
  • as well as a number of diseases (for example, rachitis, poliomyelitis)
  • injuries of the foot and tibio-talar joint