Flat Feet
Flat feet (pes planus, pes plano-valgus) - This is a disease characterized by flattening of the longitudinal arch of the foot, valgus position of the hindfoot and abduction-pronation of the forefoot.

A significant part of the time a person spends on his feet: working, playing sports, resting. Over time, in most cases, the way of life and structural features of the human musculoskeletal system, lead to various deformities of feet.

Flat feet is flattening of the elastic, longitudinal or transverse, in most cases longitudinal-transverse arch of the foot. It is one of the most common deformities of the feet. It is much more difficult to treat flat feet than to prevent it.
How can you understand that you have flat feet?
You should pay attention to the following symptoms:
  • Pain in the foot or lower leg, which occurs mainly after or during physical activity;
  • Tired legs and feet even after moderate exercises;
  • The foot is visually flattened;
  • Swelling of the feet or ankles;
  • In some cases, there is a violation of gait, up to limping.
The most common form of flatfoot is static flatfoot. The clinical picture with static flat feet depends on the degree of reduction of the arches of the foot and the increase of secondary deformities. At the beginning, rapid fatigue of the lower extremities and pain in the feet and in the calf muscles appear. Later there is pain in the lower back, sometimes a headache, it is characterized by increased fatigue and pain by the end of the day, profuse sweating. All this is associated with a violation of the statics and biomechanics of walking. In most cases, for the correction of the longitudinal and transverse arch of the foot, individual insoles are used, which allow the foot to take the correct anatomical position.